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Running UI tests in Jetpack Compose using Firebase Test Lab

Today I’ll show you how to run your Compose UI tests in Firebase Test Lab.

Let’s start by adding the necessary dependencies in your app/build.gradle file.

testImplementation "junit:junit:4.13.2"
androidTestImplementation "androidx.test:runner:1.5.2"
androidTestImplementation "androidx.test:rules:1.5.0"
androidTestImplementation "androidx.compose.ui:ui-test-junit4:1.5.4"
debugImplementation "androidx.compose.ui:ui-test-manifest:1.5.4"

Also set the testInstrumentationRunner inside the android block.

android {
        defaultConfig {
                testInstrumentationRunner "androidx.test.runner.AndroidJUnitRunner"

Now inside you androidTest folder create a class for the UI test.

Let’s write a simple test that fails for us to verify we can run it.

class AppTest {

	val composeTestRule = createAndroidComposeRule<MainActivity>()

	fun test() {
		composeTestRule.waitUntil(10_000) { false }


Make sure your testing device is setup for UI testing. Follow these instructions if you haven’t already.

Now we can run the UI test.

As expected, it failed after about 10s. Now let’s add a simple check, this will vary from project to project.

My app has a home screen that looks like this:

So I modified my test to check for the “Intellectra” title and then press the button

fun test() {

	composeTestRule.onNode(hasText("Click me"))

Let’s run the test again

We can see that it passed. Now let’s use Firebase Test Lab to automate running the tests.

We’ll use Fastlane to do that. If you don’t have Fastlane installed, you can check their documentation here.

After you install Fastlane, go the your Fastlane file and add the following code:

platform :android do
    desc "Your App Name"
    lane :ui_test do
            tasks: [
            print_command: false

            project_id: "firebase-project-id",
            devices: [
                model: "redfin", # pixel 5
                version: "30"
            gcloud_service_key_file: "google-services.json",
            extra_options: "--use-orchestrator --environment-variables clearPackageData=true",
            download_results_from_firebase: false

Now you have a lane that runs your UI tests on Firebase for you. To execute this lane run bundle exec fastlane ui_test.

If you have any comments or suggestions, please reach out to me on Twitter.

Photo by Roman Mager on Unsplash